What is pelvic pain?
Pelvic pain is characterised by pain that occurs in the lower abdomen, both continuously and intermittently. In some cases, the pain can reach a level where it affects the daily activities of the patient. Pelvic pain in women can occur during their menstrual period or sexual intercourse.
What are the symptoms of pelvic pain?
The main symptoms of pelvic pain are:
- Constant pain with mild intensity or sharp and cramp-like like
- Continuous or intermittent pain
- Sometimes, the pain is not felt in a specific point, but the entire pelvic area
- Disabling pain that can interfere with the patient's daily activities
What causes pelvic pain?
Pelvic pain can be a warning sign that there is a problem with the organs in the pelvic area, such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or vagina. The cause of pain could be indicative of:
- Ovulation pain
- Premenstrual syndrome
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Pelvic floor disorders
- Pelvic pain syndrome
- Pelvic congestion syndrome
- Uterine fibroids
A woman may have more than one cause at the same time for their pelvic pain.
How can pelvic pain be treated?
To treat pelvic pain, first the cause of the pain must be identified, which involves several tests being carried out. Treatment of pelvic pain will depend on the results of these findings. In general, the treatment is usually pharmacological. In some cases, surgical treatment is necessary.